This website is intended for SA healthcare professionals only

Management of Infantile Colic

Colic is defined as ‘episodes of irritability, fussing, or crying that begin and end for no apparent reason and last at least 3 hours a day, at least 3 days a week, for at least one week’.1

Colic is a common problem in the first months of an infant’s life and affects between 2% - 21% of infants worldwide.2

Symptoms of colic include:1

  • Excessive and persistent loud crying, mostly occurring late in the afternoon
  • During a colic episode, the infant appears distressed, irritable, fussy, contracts the legs and becomes red-faced.

maps 03

Fig. 2. Management of infantile colic.

CM: Cow's milk; pHF: Partially hydrolysed formula; eHF:: Extensively hydrolysed formula; FF: formula feeding; CMFD: cow milk free diet.